List of largest cities throughout history

The following is a table of the largest cities or urban areas by estimated population in history. Many of the figures are uncertain, especially in ancient times. City names are in bold where all four sources agree (Chandler & Fox, Chandler, Modelski and Morris).

Mureybet, Syria 9000 BCE

Al Beidha, Jordan 8000 BCE 

Jericho, Palestine 7000 BCE

Çatalhöyük, Turkey, 6500 BCE

Eridu Iraq 4000 BCE

Dobrovody, Ukraine, 3800 BCE

Memphis, Egypt 3100 BCE Well over 30,000

Akkad, Babylonia (Iraq) 2240 BCE

Lagash, Babylonia (Iraq) 2075 BCE

Ur, Babylonia (Iraq) 2030 BCE 65,000

Thebes, Egypt 1980 BCE

Babylon, Babylonia (Iraq) 1770 BCE

Avaris, Egypt 1670 BCE

Memphis, Egypt 1557 BCE

Thebes, Egypt 1400 BCE

Nineveh, Assyria (Iraq) 668 BCE

Babylon, Babylonia (Iraq) 612 BCE First above 200,000

Alexandria, Egypt 320 BCE

Pataliputra (Patna), India 300 BCE

Changan (Xi’an), China 195 BCE  400,000

Rome, Italy 25 Around 450,000

Constantinople (Istanbul), Turkey 340 Around 400,000

Ctesiphon, Iraq 570

Changan (Xi’an), China 637 400,000 (in 622); 600,000 (in 800)

Baghdad, Iraq 775 First over 1 million; 700,000 (800)

Cordoba, Spain 935 (450,000 inhabitants)

Kaifeng, China 1013

Constantinople (Istanbul), Turkey 1127

Merv (Mary), Turkmenistan 1145

Constantinople (Istanbul), Turkey 1153

Fez (Fes), Morocco 1170  (200,000 inhabitants)

Hangzhou, China 1180 255,000 (1200); 320,000 (1250)

Cairo, Egypt 1315

Hangzhou, China 1348 432,000 (1350)

Nanking, China 1358 487,000 (1400)

Beijing, China 1425 600,000 (1450); 672,000 (1500)

Agra, India (1630)



Istanbul
, Turkey 1650 700,000 (1650 & 1700)

Delhi, India (1670)

Paris, France (1685)

Istanbul, Turkey (1690)

Beijing, China 1710 900,000 (1750); 1.1 million (1800)

London, United Kingdom 1825 First over 5 million; 1.35 million (1825); 2.32 million (1850); 4.241 million (1875); 6.480 million (1900)

New York 1925 First over 10 million; 7.774 million (1925), 12.463 million (1950)

Tokyo 1965 First over 20 million; 23 million (Since 1975)

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